Table of Contents


Introduction to American Poetry

American Poets of the Week

Edgar Allen Poe

††††††††††† Maya Angelou

Poetry Study:The Rhythm of Poetry (Part 1)

Figurative Language for Students


The Rhythm and Pattern of Poetry

Poetry Forms

††††††††††† Acrostic Poems

††††††††††† All About Me Poems

††††††††††† Epic Poem:Beowulf

Poetry and Music:A Study of Simon and Garfunkel

Poetry and Literature:Where the Wild Things Are

Thereís a Nightmare in My Closet

††††††††††† Hansel and Gretel

††††††††††† Anansi the Spider


American Poets of the Week

Robert Frost

Langston Hughes

The Mood of Poetry and Art (Vincent Van Gogh)

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Poetry Study:Puns

Poetry Forms

††††††††††† Biography Poems

††††††††††† Bio-Poems

††††††††††† Ballad:Ballad of Billy Joe McAllister

Poetry and Music:A Study of Jim Croce

Poetry and Literature:The Popcorn Dragon

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Good, Very Bad Day

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Sleeping Beauty

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Once a Mouse


American Poets of the Week

William Wordsworth

Joy Harjo

Poetry and Art:Ekphrastic Poems about Works of Art (Romare

Bearden:the Five Senses poems)

Poetry Study:Idioms

Poetry Forms

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Character Poems

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Cinquains

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Color Poems

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Prose

Poetry and Music:The Beatles

Poetry and Literature:Hershel and the Hanukkah Goblins

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Owl Moon

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Jack and the Beanstalk

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Mufaroís Beautiful Daughters


American Poets of the Week

Jack Prelutsky

Leslie Marmom Silko

Poetry Study:Simile

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Poetry Forms

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Couplets

††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Concrete Poems

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Free Verse

Poetry and Music:Ray Charles

Poetry and Literature:Sylvester and the Magic Pebble

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Patrickís Dinosaurs

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Cinderella

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Why Mosquitos Buzz in Peopleís Ears


American Poets of the Week

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Janet S. Wong

English Poet of the Week

††††††††††† Alfred Lord Tennyson

Poetry Study:Metaphor

Poetry Forms

††††††††††† Diamantes

††††††††††† Five Ws Poem

Poetry and Music:Mariah Carey

Poetry and Literature:The Paper Bag Princess

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Golden Goose

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Rumpelstiltskin

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Arrow to the Sun


American Poet of the Week

Walt Whitman

English Poet of the Week

††††††††††† William Blake

Poetry Study: Onomatopoeia

Poetry Forms

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Grammar Poems

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Haikus

Poetry and Music:Lorena McKinnett

Poetry and Literature:Alexander and the Wind-up Mouse

The Bremen Town Musicians

The Princess and the Pea

The Legend of Bluebonnet


American Poet of the Week

Emily Dickinson

English Poet of the Week

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† John Keats

Poetry Study:Alliteration and Assonance

Poetry Forms

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††† Holiday Poems

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Lantern Poems

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Limericks

Poetry and Music:Eurythmics

Poetry and Literature:The Snow Child

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Stone Soup

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Little Red Riding Hood

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses


American Poet of the Week

Phyllis Wheatley

English Poet of the Week

††††††††††† Sir Walter Raleigh

Poetry and Art:Found Poetry (Protest Poetry from the 60s and 70s)

Poetry Study:Personification

Poetry and Art Forms:Sculpture

Poetry Forms

††††††††††† Persona Poems

††††††††††† Poster Poems

††††††††††† Riddle Poems

Poetry and Music:Phil Collins

Poetry and Literature:Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs

Strega Nona

The Little Match Girl†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† The Talking Eggs


American Poets of the Week

Stephen Vincent Benet

English Poet of the Week

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† William Shakespeare

Poetry Study:Hyperboles

Poetry and Art

Poetry Forms

††††††††††† Stair Poems

††††††††††† Sonnets

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Poetry and Music:Beyonce

Poetry and Literature:The Three Little Pigs

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Ming Lo Moves the Mountain

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Jorinda and Joringel


American Poet of the Week

E.E. Cummings

English Poet of the Week

††††††††††† Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Poetry Study:Proverbs

Poetry and Art Forms: Paintings

Poetry Forms

††††††††††† Tankas

††††††††††† What If? Poems

Poetry and Music:Billy Joel and Elton John

Poetry and Literature:I Know an Old Lady

The Emperorís New Clothes

Lon Po Po

††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Peter Pan




Various Music to Use in This Unit

Simon and Garfunkel:The Sound of Silence and Bridge Over Troubled Waters

Jim Croce:Photographs and Memories, I got a Name, and Time in a Bottle

Beatles:Nowhere Man, Roll Over Beethovan, A Hard Dayís Night and In My Life

Ray Charles:Georgia On My Mind, Hit the Road Jack and You Are My Sunshine

Mariah Carey:Bye Bye

Lorena McKinnett:Highwayman

Eurythmics:Sweet Dreams and Here Comes the Rain Again

Phil Collins:True Colors and Land of Confusion


Three Dog Night:One, Easy to be Hard, and Joy to the World


Billy Joel:Piano Man

Elton John:Ironman

Bangles:Walk Like an Egyptian

Gordon Lightfoot:Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald and If you Could Read My Mind

Carole King:I Feel the Earth Move and Youíve Got a Friend

Carly Simon:Youíre So Vain and It Was So Easy Then

America:Horse with no Name, Ventura Highway and Muskrat Love

Blood, Sweat and Tears:God Bless the Child

Don McLean:American Pie, Crossroads and Empty Chairs

Rick Springfield:America

Alishia Keys:Falliní

Bohemian Rhapsody

Queen:Stairway to Heaven

Eagles:Hotel California

Amerie:The Last Unicorn





GPS Standards

C. Frank

Henry County Schools


ELAWLRL1 The student demonstrates comprehension by identifying evidence (e.g., diction, imagery, point of view, figurative language, symbolism, plot events, main ideas, and cultural characteristics) in a variety of texts representative of different genres (e.g., poetry, prose, short story, novel, essay, editorial, biography, and drama) and using this evidence as the basis for interpretation.

Critical Component: The student identifies, analyzes, and applies knowledge of the structures and elements of fiction from around the world and provides evidence from the text to support understanding; the student:
a. Locates and analyzes such elements as language and style, character development, point of view, irony, and structures (e.g., chronological, in medias res, flashback, epistolary narrative, frame narrative) in works of world fiction from different time periods.
b. Identifies and analyzes patterns of imagery or symbolism.
c. Relates identified elements in fiction to theme or underlying meaning.
d. Analyzes the influence of mythic, traditional, or classical literature on works of world literature.
e. Analyzes and compares style and language across significant cross-cultural literary works.
f. Compares and contrasts various translations of a work and evaluates the effect of translation on meaning.

Critical Component: The student identifies, analyzes, and applies knowledge of the purpose, structure, and elements of nonfiction and/or informational materials and provides evidence from the text to support understanding; the student:
a. Analyzes and explains the structures and elements of nonfiction works of world literature such as philosophical essays and letters.
b. Analyzes and evaluates the logic and use of evidence in an authorís argument.
c. Analyzes, evaluates, and applies knowledge of the ways authors from different cultures use language, style, syntax, and rhetorical strategies for specific purposes in nonfiction works.

Critical Component: The student identifies and analyzes elements of poetry from various periods of world literature and provides evidence from the text to support understanding; the student:
a. Identifies, responds to, and analyzes the effects of diction, syntax, sound, form, figurative language, and structure of poems as these elements relate to meaning.
i. sound: alliteration, end rhyme, internal rhyme, terza rima, consonance, assonance
ii. form: haiku, lyric, epic, narrative poem
iii. figurative language: personification, imagery, metaphor, epic simile, synecdoche, hyperbole, symbolism
b. Analyzes and evaluates the effects of diction and imagery (e.g., controlling images, figurative language, understatement, irony, paradox, and tone) as they relate to underlying meaning.
c. Identifies and responds to poetic forms specific to particular cultures.

Critical Component: The student identifies, analyzes, and applies knowledge of the themes, structures, and elements of dramatic literature from around the world and provides evidence from the text to support understanding; the student:
a. Identifies and analyzes types of dramatic literature (i.e., classical tragedy and culturally specific forms such as commedia dell'arte).
b. Analyzes the characters, structures, and themes of dramatic literature.
c. Identifies and analyzes dramatic elements, (e.g., unity of time, place, and action; tragic hero; deus ex machina; recognition; reversal; chorus; aside; dramatic irony).
d. Identifies and analyzes how dramatic elements support and enhance the interpretation of dramatic literature.


ELAWLRL5 The student understands and acquires new vocabulary and uses it correctly in reading and writing. The student

a. Identifies and correctly uses idioms, cognates, words with literal and figurative meanings, and patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or functions.
b. Uses knowledge of world mythologies to understand the meanings of new words.
c. Identifies and understands foreign terms that appear in works originally written in a language other than English.
d. Uses general dictionaries, specialized dictionaries, thesauruses, or related references as needed to increase learning.


ELA6R1 The student demonstrates comprehension and shows evidence of a warranted and responsible explanation of a variety of literary and informational texts.

Critical Component: For literary texts, the student identifies the characteristics of various genres and produces evidence of reading that:
a. Identifies and analyzes sensory details and figurative language.
b. Identifies and analyzes the authorís use of dialogue and description.
c. Relates a literary work to historical events of the period.
d.Applies knowledge of the concept that theme refers to the message about life and the world that the author wants us to understand whether implied or stated.
e. Identifies and analyzes the elements of setting, characterization, plot, and the resolution of the conflict of a story or play:

i. internal/external conflicts
ii. character conflicts, characters vs. nature, characters vs. society
iii. antagonist/protagonist.

f. Identifies the speaker and recognizes the difference between first- and thirdperson narration.
g. Defines and explains how tone is conveyed in literature through word choice, sentence structure, punctuation, rhythm, repetition, and rhyme.
h. Responds to and explains the effects of sound, figurative language, and graphics in order to uncover meaning in literature:

i. Sound (e.g., alliteration, onomatopoeia, rhyme scheme)
ii. Figurative language (i.e., simile, metaphor, hyperbole, personification)
iii. Graphics (i.e., capital letters, line length, bold face print, italics).

i. Compares traditional literature and mythology from different cultures.
j. Identifies and analyzes similarities and differences in mythologies from different cultures.

Critical Component: For informational texts, the student reads and comprehends in order to develop understanding and expertise and produces evidence of reading that:
a. Applies knowledge of common textual features (e.g., paragraphs, topic sentences, concluding sentences, glossary, index).
b. Applies knowledge of common graphic features (i.e., graphic organizers, diagrams, captions, illustrations, charts, tables, graphs).
c. Applies knowledge of common organizational structures and patterns (e.g., transitions, logical order, cause and effect, classification schemes).
d. Identifies and analyzes main ideas, supporting ideas, and supporting details.
e. Follows multi-step instructions to complete or create a simple product.