GREEK AND ROMAN MYTHOLOGY

GIFTED UNIT

An introduction to Greek, Roman, and other cultural gods with emphasis on student creativity in writing about them.

Weekly Lessons

Theme of the Day 

Week 1

Essential Question: How have the Greek and Roman cultures influenced our society?  Why was storytelling so important to the people of those times?

Overview for This Week of Mythology

     Introduction to Mythology

                 The Early Greeks/Romans/Norse and the Components of their Cultures

                 Mapping Greece, Italy and Norway

                 Definition of Mythology and how it applies to Language Arts in every grade level.

                 The Basic Themes of Myths

                                       Beginnings or Creations

                                       The Heavens and the Elements

                                       Growth and Rebirth

                                       Love and Marriage

                                       Heroic Deeds

                                       Death and Endings

                 Common Characteristics of Myths

                                        Explain natural phenomenon

                                        Many gods

                                        The gods are superhuman beings

                                        Gods have human emotions

                                        Myths contain magic

                                        Gods appear in many disguises

                                        Good is rewarded and evil is punished

                                        Myth:  Prometheus and Creation Stories

                 Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Thief

                      Screenplay  http://screenplayexplorer.com/wp-content/scripts/The_Lightning_Thief.pdf

                      Lesson Plans  http://www.state.lib.la.us/empowerlibrary/LIGHTNING%20THIEF.pdf

                      Lesson Plans  http://www.webenglishteacher.com/riordan.html

                      Rick Riordan Site for Lesson Plans  http://www.rickriordan.com/home.aspx

Introduction to Mythology

     Opening the Unit: Discussion on influence of Greek (architects, philosophers, poets, teachers and think) and Roman culture (the warriors and adaptors) on our society. 

Mythology Vocabulary For Students: Increasing Student Vocabulary

    http://www.vocabulary.com/lists/25611#view=notes

An Etymological Dictionary of Classical Mythology: Influences on Astrology

     http://library.oakland.edu/information/people/personal/kraemer/edcm/contents.html

Activity:  Design a Greek/Roman Gods’ book to use in the unit.  Place in it journal entries, invent an adventure for a god, and write a letter from one god to another.

Geography:  Mapping Greece, Italy and Norway

     TSW draw or trace ancient maps of these two countries and the surrounding countries for the journey into Mythology, identifying key cities, states , the Adriatic Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and the Red Sea. 

     The Map of Ancient Greece  http://www.coloring.ws/t.asp?b=m&t=http://www.coloring.ws/greek/map.gif          

      Geography/Environment of Greece  http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/environment/

      The Roman Empire Map (below) http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/262/268312/art/figures/KISH106.jpg

     Geography of Italy http://www.kidport.com/RefLib/WorldGeography/Italy/Italy.htm

     Geography of Norway   http://geography.about.com/library/cia/blcnorway.htm

Online Activities:

        Fun Trivia Games on Mythology   http://www.funtrivia.com/quizzes/for_children/topics_for_kids/myths_and_legends_for_kids.html

       Online Games from Mr. Donn (Ancient Greece)  http://greece.mrdonn.org/games.html

Reading:  Chosen portions of The Iliad by Homer

                  http://depthome.brooklyn.cuny.edu/classics/dunkle/studyguide/homer.htm

                  http://www.temple.edu/classics/iliadho/index.html

                  How Zeus became the king of the gods

                  http://www.theoi.com/Olympios/Zeus.html

                  Prometheus and the Gift of Fire and other Creation Stories

                  http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/faculty/giftfire/prometheus.html

Mythology Story:  The Hierarchy of the Gods and Goddesses in Mythology

                http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Mythology/

     Greek Mythology Family Tree  http://genealogy.lovetoknow.com/Greek_Mythology_Family_Tree

     The Birth of the Gods and Goddesses  http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/grecoromanmyth1/a/OlympiansEmerge.htm

Jeopardy Games:  Ancient Greece

     http://greece.mrdonn.org/powerpoints-jeopardy.html

Creation Stories

     Role Play Activity on the Creation::  Mighty Myth p. 19

     Marvelous Mythology:  Norse Version of the Creation of the Earth

     Marvelous Mythology:  Greek Version of the Creation of the Earth    

Video:  Ancient Greece

Video:  Prometheus and the Gift of Fire

Homework:  TSW choose a Greek god/goddess make a powerpoint presentation based on this learned knowledge.  Project is due Week 3 of the unit.

Gaia: Mother Earth

Hestia: Goddess of the Hearth

Apollo: God of Music/Poetry

Uranus: Father Heaven

Poseidon: God of the Oceans

Artemis: Goddess of the Hunt

Cronus:  Titan King

Athena:  Goddess of Wisdom

Ares: God of War

Zeus:  King of the Gods

Hades: God of the Underworld

Aphrodite: Goddess of Love

Hera: Queen of the Gods

Demeter: Goddess of Harvest

Helios: Sun God

Hermes: Messenger of the Gods

Pan: God of Nature

Eros: God of Love

Selene: Goddess of the Moon

Dionysus: God of Drink

Chiron: wise centaur

Hephaestus: God of Metalworking

Olympus: Home of the gods

 

 

Week 2

Essential Question: How have the Greek and Roman cultures influenced our society?  Why was storytelling so important to the people of those times?

    Overview of the Lesson:

                               Discussion on the Vocabulary

                               Exploring Greek and Italian as Romance Languages

                              Timeline of Ancient Greece

                                  Introduce Homer the Poet, the Iliad and the Odyssey     

                                  Myths Connected to Human Emotions

                                  Myths:  Atlas and Pandora’s Box

Reading in Greek and English

      http://www.ilearngreek.com/mythology/mythology_directory.asp

I Learn Greek Online  http://www.ilearngreek.com/Mythology/mythology_directory.asp

          Learn Italian for Kids

                   http://italian.about.com/library/children/blabcindex.htm

Mythology Vocabulary For Students: Increasing Student Vocabulary

    http://www.vocabulary.com/lists/25611#view=notes

Reading in Greek and English

      http://www.ilearngreek.com/mythology/mythology_directory.asp

An Etymological Dictionary of Classical Mythology: Influences on Astrology

     http://library.oakland.edu/information/people/personal/kraemer/edcm/contents.html

Timeline of Ancient Greece: Printable and Ready to Color

     http://www.schoolsliaison.org.uk/kids/siteactivities/timelinegreek.pdf

Timeline (Greece) 

     http://www.schoolsliaison.org.uk/kids/access/greek/timeline_greece.htm

Poetry Activity:   Homer the Poet

     Homer for Kids  http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/literature/homer.htm

     Homer’s Illiad  http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/literature/iliad.htm

     Homer’s Odyssey http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/literature/odyssey.htm

Writing:

     The Greek Alphabet

     http://www.omniglot.com/writing/greek.htm

     http://greece.mrdonn.org/alphabet.html

Book:  If I Were a Kid in Ancient Greece by Cobblestone

 Discussion on Myths Connecting to Human Emotions

     http://www.netplaces.com/classical-mythology/what-are-myths-for/emotion-overload.htm

     http://www.kidsinco.com/myth/

The Creation:  Prometheus  http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/religion/prometheus.htm

Reading:  Atlas myth and Thinkquest                http://library.thinkquest.org/C005321/tq/Myth%20Library/The%20Myth%20of%20Atlas.htm

                 Vulcan/Hephaestus, Creator of the first woman Pandora   

                  http://www.greek-gods.info/greek-gods/hephaestus/

                  http://www.theoi.com/Olympios/HephaistosMyths.html

                 Pandora’s Box

                 http://www.theoi.com/Heroine/Pandora.html

    Atlas Information

     http://edweb.sdsu.edu/people/bdodge/scaffold/gg/titan.html

     http://www.theoi.com/Titan/TitanAtlas.html

     Pandora

     http://www.kidsinco.com/2009/01/pandora%C2%B4s-box/

              ThinkQuest on Pandora’s Box  http://library.thinkquest.org/C0119204/pandora.html

Discussion on Pandora’s Box

     After class discussion on what Pandora found in the box and then finding a box/jar in class, 

     Students will construct ten evils of today’s society to put in the box.  All evils must be  

     personified and have “eyes” and “wings”.  HOPE must also be placed in the box.  Students will

     then write a poem about one evil contained in the box and a hopeful solution to this evil.

Ancient Greek Jeopardy Games

http://ancienthistory.pppst.com/greece/jeopardy.html

 Math Activity:  Math Olympics

http://www.mathplayground.com/olympic_math1.html

 

 Video:   The Story of Atlas and Pandora’s Box

 

 

Week 3

Essential Question: How have the Greek and Roman cultures influenced our society?  Why was storytelling so important to the people of those times?

     Overview of the Lesson:

                              Review of the Vocabulary

                              Timeline of Ancient Rome

                                  The Laws of Ancient Rome

                                  Greek and Roman Language                    

                                  Myths Connected to Human Emotions

                                  Myths:  The Birth of Rome (Romulus and Remus)

                                                Persephone

   Mythology Vocabulary For Students: Increasing Student Vocabulary

    http://www.vocabulary.com/lists/25611#view=notes

       Timeline (Ancient Rome)

     http://www.oklahomahomeschool.com/pdf%20documents/RomeTLPcs.pdf

Online Games from Mr. Donn (Ancient Rome) 

             http://rome.mrdonn.org/powerpoints-jeopardy.html       

   Roman Numerals    http://www.novaroma.org/via_romana/numbers.html

                                    http://literacy.kent.edu/Minigrants/Cinci/romanchart.htm

Art Activity:  Create the Roman style of clothing

                        http://www.howtomakeatoga.info/

The Laws of Ancient Rome

     http://rome.mrdonn.org/senate.html

     http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/subjects/ancientrome.htm

Roman/Greek Women and the Legal  System  http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/clothing2.html

 Reading:  If I Were a Kid in Ancient Rome by Cobblestone

                 The Persephone myth  http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/Persephone.html

Activity:  Ancient Rome Trivia Game

     http://www.surfnetkids.com/games/ancient_rome_quiz.htm

 Ancient Rome Jeopardy Games  http://rome.mrdonn.org/powerpoints-jeopardy.html

 Activity:  Powerpoint games on the Republic of Ancient Rome and its legal system

              http://rome.mrdonn.org/powerpoints.html

 Ancient Romans in Britain  http://rome.mrdonn.org/powerpoints-britain.html

Writing Activity:  Writing the Greek Alphabet

     The Greek Alphabet http://www.greekgrammar.org/

   Video:  Persephone

 Video:  Ancient Civilizations for Children:  Rome, Italy

*Homework: Powerpoint presentation due this week.

Week 4

Essential Question: How have the Greek and Roman cultures influenced our society?  Why was storytelling so important to the people of those times?

Overview:  The city of Troy and Heinrich Schliemann

                     Everyday Heroism

                     Greek Scrolls

                     Thenes:  Love and Marriage, Death and Endings

 Mythology Vocabulary For Students: Increasing Student Vocabulary

    http://www.vocabulary.com/lists/25611#view=notes

 

 Sculpture Activity:  Students make a sculpture of the Great Mother Figure from clay.

Reading:    The City of Troy  http://history-world.org/troy.htm

                                                  http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Troy/

                   Story of Orpheus and Eurydice  http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/webtexts/eurydice/eurydicemyth.html

                   The story of Pythia/the Oracle of Delphi   

                    http://www-personal.une.edu.au/~rrelke/pythia.htm

 

 Writing Activity:  The Greek Scroll http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0210200/ancient_greece/directions.htm

 

Group Activity:  Begin creating a bulletin board in honor of the Trojan War.

Group Activity:  Build a Trojan horse using a wagon and boxes or paper, drinking straws

                              http://www.dltk-kids.com/world/greece/m-trojan.htm

 

 Video:  Finding Troy

  Video: The Judgment of Paris

 *Classwork Group Project:  In small groups, students use their knowledge on different creation

    stories to write a 10-minute play to perform in class.  Resource is Playwriting Seminars

    http://www.vcu.edu/arts/playwriting/seminar.html.  Choices are given below.  Project is due next week.  Students will evaluate the work of their peers.

1.       Write story based on the common elements found in the three stories in class.

2.       Write the play intertwining the three stories where characters from each myth interact with one another.

3.       Rewrite one of the creation stories, changing the setting, characters, chronology of events, ending, etc.

4.       Structure the play around an individual new idea, demonstrating knowledge of the similarities and differences of at least two creation myths.

*Homework:  Groups of 4 make a video commercial for a god.  Ideas:  Athena’s Smart Pills, Demeter Cereal, Aphrodite Makeup.  Students make storyboards, props and act out their commercials.  Assignment is due Week 9 of this unit.

Week 5

Essential Question: How have the Greek and Roman cultures influenced our society?  Why was storytelling so important to the people of those times?  

Overview:   Greek Achievements in the Arts and Astrology

                     Greek and Roman Root Words

                     Everyday Heroism

                     Labyrinths

                     Themes:  Love and Marriage, Death and Endings

                  Theseus and the Minotaur

Mythology Vocabulary For Students: Increasing Student Vocabulary

    http://www.vocabulary.com/lists/25611#view=notes

 

Activties:  Writing powerpoint presentations for kids  http://writing.pppst.com/essays.html

 

 A Collection of Monsters  http://monsters.monstrous.com/

Encyclopedia of Greek gods, spirits, monsters  http://www.theoi.com/Encyc_A.html

 

 Reading:   Theseus and the Minotaur 

                    http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/theseus/a/102110-Theseus-And-The-Minotaur.htm

                    The Odyssey  http://classics.mit.edu/Homer/odyssey.html

                                            http://greece.mrdonn.org/odyssey.html

 

Activity:  Students will make a labyrinth out of cardboard rectangles after drawing one.

 

Activity:  Study the concept of magic tricks.

 

Home Activity:  Students will create a maze with whatever material they have.

                                                                      

Video:  Theseus and the Minotaur

Week 6

Essential Question: How have the Greek and Roman cultures influenced our society?  Why was storytelling so important to the people of those times?  

Overview:  Research on the Greek Men of the Classical Age

                          Hippocrates(science and medicine)

                          Archimedes (math)

                          Socrates (philosophy and logic)

                          Aristotle (philosophy and science)

                          Plato (philosophy and poetry)

                          Pythagoras (math, geometry and philosophy)

                          Ptolemy (astrology and geography)

                          Nero (Roman Emperor)

                          Sophocles (music)

                          Aristophanes (comedy plays)

                          Alexander the Great

                     The Constellations

                     Mythology:  Jason and the Golden Fleece

                                            The Story of Pegasus

                     

Geography: Alexander the Great  http://greece.mrdonn.org/alexander.html                     

                      Map of Alexander the Great’s Empire

                       http://www.biblestudy.org/maps/empire-of-alexander-the-great-map.html

Reading:  Jason and the Golden Fleece

                  http://www.mythweb.com/heroes/jason/

                  The Story of Bellerophon and Pegasus

                  http://greece.mrdonn.org/greekgods/pegasus.html

                  http://www.dibonsmith.com/peg_con.htm

                  The Odyssey

                  http://www.mythweb.com/odyssey/background_s.html

 

Writing:  Rewrite a myth using the basic elements of myths to go with a named constellation.

 

Video:  Pegasus the Flying Horse

              Jason and the Golden Fleece

 

Week 7

Essential Question: How have the Greek and Roman cultures influenced our society?  Why was storytelling so important to the people of those times?  

Overview:  The Olympic Games

                     Greek Entertainment:  the Theatre

                     The Plays of Sophocles

                        Antigone by Shakespeare

                     Poetry of Ancient Greece

                     Mythology:  Procrustes (theme of intolerance of differences)

                                           Atalanta

                                           Hercules and the Twelve Labors

 

Mythology Vocabulary For Students: Increasing Student Vocabulary

    http://www.vocabulary.com/lists/25611#view=notes

 

Myth Stories:  Procrustes  http://www.mythweb.com/teachers/why/basics/procrustes.html

                          Atalanta  http://www.hipark.austin.isd.tenet.edu/mythology/atalanta.html

                                      http://www.goddessgift.com/goddess-myths/greek_goddess_atalanta.htm

 

                          Hercules and the Twelve Labors  http://www.mythweb.com/hercules/herc01.html

                    

The Olympic Games with Activities 

          http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/ancient_greeks/the_olympic_games/

 

Ancient Greek Poetry  http://www.poetry-archive.com/collections/greek_dramatists.html

 

The Plays of Sophocles  http://www.theatrehistory.com/ancient/sophocles001.html

 

Antigone by Shakespeare (Monologue)   http://www.actorpoint.com/free_monologues/drm102.html

 

 

Activity:  The gods in advertisements (make presentations, research magazines, phone books and

                 newspapers for ads).

 

Video:  Atalanta

             Hercules and the Twelve Labors

 

 

Week 8

Essential Question: How have the Greek and Roman cultures influenced our society?  Why was storytelling so important to the people of those times?  

Overview:   Early Greeks and Geometry (Eratosthenes, Pythagoras)

                     The Number Devil

                    Mythology:  Medusa

                                          Tantalus

 

Mythology Vocabulary For Students: Increasing Student Vocabulary

    http://www.vocabulary.com/lists/25611#view=notes

 

Reading:  The Story of Medusa

                  http://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/Creatures/Medusa/medusa.html

                  http://www.theoi.com/Pontios/Gorgones.html

                  Tantalus  http://www.thanasis.com/store/tantalus.htm

 

Activity:  Create your own Roman coin.

                 http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0210200/ancient_rome/directions.htm

                 http://www.celatorsart.com/coins_made.html

 

Activity:  Create BINGO games using the names of gods and their areas of power

                  http://www.bingocardcreator.com/bingo-cards/literature/greek-mythology

                  http://www.bingocardcreator.com/pdf/greek-mythology.pdf

 

Activity:  Begin creating skits based on old-time radio talk shows and record on audiotape.

                 Vintage Radio Scripts  http://www.genericradio.com/library.php

                

Video:  Medusa and the Gorgons

 

Week 9

Essential Question: How have the Greek and Roman cultures influenced our society?  Why was storytelling so important to the people of those times?  

Overview:   The Seven Ancient Wonders of the World

                      Pompeii and Herculaneum/Mt. Vesuvius

                      Greeks in Flight: rocket ships and airplanes today

                      Mythology:  Daedalus and Icarus

                                            Arachne and Athena

 

Mythology Vocabulary For Students: Increasing Student Vocabulary

    http://www.vocabulary.com/lists/25611#view=notes

 

The Seven Ancient Wonders of the World

     http://www.unmuseum.org/wonders.htm

 

Pompeii and Herculaneum/Mt. Vesuvius

     http://touritaly.org/pompeii/pompeii-main.htm

     http://dsc.discovery.com/tv/pompeii/

 

Activity:  Create mythology board games demonstrating student knowledge of what has been

                 taught in class during this unit.

 

Activity:  Study the parts of a volcano, the conditions needed for a volcano and create a volcano.

                 http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/volcano/

                 http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/volcano/labelvolcano.shtml

Activity:  Origami Dragons

                 http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-make-an-Origami-Dragon/

 

Activity:  Design a monument made out of sugar cubes to the character of choice, then write

                 explaining why this particular god was chosen.

  http://www.ehow.com/how_12077261_make-model-washington-monument-out-sugar-cubes.html

 

Myth Stories:  Daedaus and Icarus

                         http://thanasis.com/icarus.htm

                         http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/religion/myths/daedalus.htm

                         Arachne and Athena

                         http://www.hipark.austin.isd.tenet.edu/mythology/arachne.html

                         http://www.goddess-athena.org/Encyclopedia/Athena/Arachne.htm

                         http://www.greek-gods.info/greek-gods/athena/stories/athena-arachne/

 

 

Video:  Daedalus and Icarus

              Arachne and Athena

 

Homework:  Mythology commercial is due this week for presentation.

Week 10

Essential Question: How have the Greek and Roman cultures influenced our society?  Why was storytelling so important to the people of those times?  

Overview:  The Food of the Gods Banquet

                    Olympic Pentathlon

                     American Mythology

 

Mythology Vocabulary For Students: Increasing Student Vocabulary

    http://www.vocabulary.com/lists/25611#view=notes

 

Olympic Pentathlon

     Olympic Fun Facts  http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0771580.html

     http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/worldhistory/ancientgreekolympics2.htm

 

American Mythology: 

                      The Star Wars Myth

                          Luke as Theseus flying through the labyrinth

                          Obi-Wan Kenobi as Merlin

                          Refusing to turn to the ‘dark side’ theme

                          Luke facing Odysseus’s obstacles

                          Creatures from the Cantina compared to supernatural monster creatures

                          Han is turned to stone like Medusa’s head turns people/animals into stone

                          Leia is abducted and taken to Jabba’s lair much like Persephone is abducted and

                                    taken to Hades

                          When the Death Star is supposedly suppressed, it comes back like Hydra’s heads

                          Vader and the Emperor look down on the conflict to comment unseen by mere mortals,

                                     just like the gods in Olympus.

                    The Wizard of Oz

                           Lotus-Eaters/the field of poppies

                           Poseidon/the Wicked Witch of the West

                           Athena/Glenda the Good Witch

                           Odysseus’s crew/Dorothy’s companions

                           The journey home

 

The Star Wars Myth  http://web.clas.ufl.edu/users/agordon/starwars.htm

                                  http://www.folkstory.com/articles/petersburg.html

 

The Wizard of Oz Myth  http://www.buzzfeed.com/donnad/8-myths-about-the-wizard-of-oz

                                           http://artnegro.com/wordpress/writing/the-wizard-of-oz/

 

 

 

 

REFERENCE BOOKS

Lipson, Greta Barclay.   Mighty Myth: a Modern Interpretation of Greek Myths For the Classroom.

      Good Apple.

Mastroianni, Nancy & Bradford, Mary Elizabeth (1980).  Marvelous Mythology. Manhattan Beach, CA:

      Teacher