MEDIEVAL TIMES

GIFTED UNIT

Discovery of the Middle Ages: reading, writing, and research on customs, literature, clothing.

buildings, history, music, arts, and knights and kings; fairy tales in the oral traditions of the times with opportunities for puppetry and play writing.

Week 1

Essential Question:  Why is it necessary to study the Medieval Times (Middle Ages)?

Introduction to Medieval Times

     Opening the Unit

     Activity:  In groups, students brainstorm typical questions that a researcher would ask to

     discover how people lived in the Middle Ages.  Categories included are food, clothes,

     homes,  entertainment, work, government, trade, transportation, and conflict mediation.

  Medieval Times Jeopardy    http://www.columbia.k12.fl.us/TechLab/Mrs.%20Lee's%20Medieval%20jeopardy%20game.ppt#299,1,Slide 1

Overview of Medieval Times (Each to be discussed in separate class meetings)

     Definition and Dates of Medieval Times (800-1599 AD)

     Medieval History Terms to Know

          http://library.thinkquest.org/10949/glossary/index.html

      Discuss in Overview the History of the Middle Ages

         http://www.timeref.com/hpr1748.htm

           Early Middle Ages 410-1042 AD

                Angles, Saxons, and Viking Invasions

          High Middle Ages 1024-1306 AD

                 William the Conqueror

                 King John and the Magna Carta

                 Richard the Lion-Hearted

                 The Normans, the Crusades, Henry II and Edward I

          Late Middle Ages 1308-1487 AD

                 The Hundred Years War

                 The Black Death (Great Plague)

                Richard III

                War of the Roses

         Early Modern Medieval Times 1492-1553 AD

                The Great Explorers

                Henry VIII

                Lady Jane Grey

                Elizabeth I     

Medieval Vocabulary

http://www.discoveryeducation.com/teachers/free-lesson-plans/the-middle-ages.cfm

Activity:  Students will research medieval names and rename themselves for the unit.

Stories, plays, etc. will be written using their medieval names.

Medieval Names http://www.themiddleages.net/people/names.html

Medieval Naming Guides http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/english.shtml

The Role of Medieval Names http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/YALDnamesM.htm

Medieval Names http://www.medieval-life-and-times.info/medieval-life/medieval-names.htm

Medieval Baby Names http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/baby_names/109436

Novel:  Begin The Door in the Wall by Marguerite D’Angeli

     http://litplans.com/titles/Door_In_the_Wall_Marguerite_DeAngeli.html

     http://www.sdcoe.k12.ca.us/score/door/doortg.html

Activity:  Medieval Times in Atlanta, Georgia

http://educators.medievaltimes.com/

Dragon Shot Medieval Times Game

http://www.medievaltimes.com/atlanta/dragonshot.aspx

SURPRISE FOCUS OF THE DAY: A Magical History Tour of King Arthur’s Britain.  

 http://www.britannia.com/travel/magical/

Week 2

Essential Question:  How did the invasions of the Saxons, Angles, and the Vikings affect people living in Europe in the Middle Ages?

Early Middle Ages 410-1042 AD

                Angles and Saxon Invasions

                http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/saxons.html

               http://www.britannia.com/history/700.html

                Viking Invasions 

                http://worldhistory.mrdonn.org/vikings.html

              http://www.dasd-ew.org/history.htm#Vikings

Research the Various Flags of the Great Families of Europe

     Activity:  Students will create pennons/ flags for great houses of Europe and hang them in the classroom.  Students will join the Great Houses of their choice for future research.

History and Meaning of Heraldry  http://www.fleurdelis.com/coatofarms.htmand

http://www.digiserve.com/heraldry/

Other Activities:

Medieval Writing

http://medievalwriting.50megs.com/writing.htm

http://medievalwriting.50megs.com/literacy/writing.htm

Medieval Online Scavenger Hunt

http://www.nisk.k12.ny.us/birchwood/links/scavengerhunts/medieval.htm

Middle Ages Environment

Activity:

http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/environment/index.htm

Activity:  Make A Calligraphy Project. Select a favorite quote or short poem and create a calligraphy art piece focusing on it. You might create a unique greeting card incorporating the work or design it for framing.

Keep A Calligraphy Journal. Include techniques and tips that you learn as you go. Be sure to include samples of your skill with each journal entry.

SURPRISE FOCUS OF THE DAY:  Did King Arthur Exist?

http://www.caerleon.net/history/arthur/page2.htm

http://www.britannia.com/history/biographies/ambros.html

Week 3

Essential Question:  What was life like for the wealthy and the poor in the Middle Ages?

  Timeline of Medieval Times

     http://www.timeref.com/eindex.htm

Life in the Middle Ages – the Wealthy

     Kings and Nobles

     http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/nobility.html

Life in the Middle Ages – The Knights

     http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/knights.html

The Code of Chivalry

http://www.astro.umd.edu/~marshall/chivalry.html

 Life in the Middle Ages – The Poor

     http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/commoners.html

  Middle Ages Play/Simulation

     Medieval Manor    http://www.udel.edu/Geography/DGA/Web2009/CurriculumMaterials/Europe/MedievalManor.pdf 

Make a Family Crest online

http://www.allfamilycrests.com/makecoatofarms.htm

 Research the Various Flags of the Great Families of Europe

     Activity:  Students will create pennons/ flags for the great houses of Europe and hang them in the classroom.  History and Meaning of Heraldry  http://www.fleurdelis.com/coatofarms.htmand http://www.digiserve.com/heraldry/

 Activity:  Make a King’s Crown  http://www.ehow.com/how_4885920_make-king_s-crown.html

                 How to Make a King or Queen Crown

 http://www.suite101.com/content/how-to-make-a-king-or-queen-crown-a32186

 Activity:  Medieval Music

http://www.empire.k12.ca.us/capistrano/Mike/capmusic/medieval/medieval.htm

 Activity:  Students will write a Medieval Ballad.

Medieval Ballads

http://www.eng.fju.edu.tw/English_Literature/medieval/medieval.htm

How to Write a Ballad

http://www.articleclick.com/Article/How-To-Write-A-Ballad--Easy-Steps-For-A-Perfect-Piece/1060898

 Other Activities: 

Knights and Castles Worksheets

http://bogglesworldesl.com/knights.htm

Build a Medieval Castle

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=365&gps=291_558_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.yourchildlearns.com/castle.htm

 Cardboard Box Castle

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=381&gps=262_612_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.enchantedlearning.com/crafts/Boxcastle.shtml

 Build a Medieval Castle (Free)

http://www.yourchildlearns.com/castle.htm

 Kids Castle

http://www.kidsonthenet.org.uk/castle/

SURPRISE FOCUS OF THE DAY:  Did Camelot Exist?

http://www.britannia.com/history/arthur/camelot.html 

Week 4

Essential Question:  How did the nobles in the Middle Ages influence our governments today?

 High Middle Ages 1024-1306 AD

                 William the Conqueror

                 http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon22.html

                  King John and the Magna Carta

                 http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/magnacarta.html

                  Richard the Lion-Hearted

                 http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon27.html

                 http://www.themiddleages.net/people/richard_lionheart.html

  Life in the Middle Ages

     Activity:  Students will research an area of interest during the medieval period and make a presentation in class next week.

     http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/index.htmland http://www.teacheroz.com/Middle_Ages.htm#jester

 Medieval Fairy Tales

     The Brothers Grimm (Germany)  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/grimm/article.html

     English Fairy Tales  http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/eng/meft/index.htm

     The Library Thing (England)

              http://www.librarything.com/subject/Fairy+tales%09England

      Folklore and Fairy Tales from England http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/england.html

     Mythica Folk Tales (World)  http://www.pantheon.org/areas/folklore/folktales/

 Put together your own Medieval costume. Fabric stores such as JoAnne Fabrics and Mae’s have patterns and materials which you can use for this purpose. Also check out this link: http://www.costumes.org/pages/medievalinks.htm

  Research the Various Shields  of the Great Families of Europe

     Activity:  Students will create shields for great houses of Europe and hang them in the classroom.

History and Meaning of Heraldry  http://www.fleurdelis.com/coatofarms.htmand http://www.digiserve.com/heraldry/and http://www.farris-consulting.com/

 Heraldry Games and Activities

http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/heraldry.html

 Other Activities:

 The Knight’s Coat of Arms

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=505&gps=514_527_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//teacher.scholastic.com/lessonrepro/reproducibles/profbooks/coatarms.pdf

  Life in the Middle Ages

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=287&gps=278_380_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.kyrene.k12.az.us/schools/brisas/sunda/ma/mahome.htm

 Living in the Middle Ages

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=307&gps=299_414_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.learner.org/exhibits/middleages/

SURPRISE FOCUS OF THE DAY:  Did Merlin Exist?

http://www.kingarthursknights.com/others/merlin.asp

http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/people/a/merlin.htm

Week 5

Essential Question:  How have the movies captured the historical events that have shaped Europe?

 High Middle Ages 1024-1306 AD

                 The Normans, the Crusades, Henry II and Edward I

                  Invasion of the Normans http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/bayeux.htm

                 The Crusades   http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/the-crusades.htm

                 Henry II http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon26.html

                 Edward I  

                           http://www.biographybase.com/biography/Edward_I_of_England.html

                 Edward II

                           http://www.biographybase.com/biography/Edward_II_of_England.html

 Research the Various Shields of the Great Families of Europe

     Activity:  Students in their individual houses will create shields for great houses of Europe and hang them in the classroom.   History and Meaning of Heraldry  http://www.fleurdelis.com/coatofarms.htmand http://www.digiserve.com/heraldry/

 And  http://www.farris-consulting.com/

 Other Activties:

Medieval Siege

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=337&gps=255_463_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/lostempires/trebuchet/

 Weaponry of Medieval Times

http://educators.medievaltimes.com/

 How to make a Long Bow

http://learn-how-to-make-a-longbow.com/manual-with-cheatsheet-bonuses-v2-h1intro

 

Other Activities: 

Make a Shield Out of Cardboard and Aluminum Foil

 Make A Knight’s Gauntlets

http://www.howtodothings.com/hobbies/how-to-make-gauntlet-gloves

 SURPRISE FOCUS OF THE DAY:  THE SWORD OF A KING

Did the Sword Excalibur Exist? 

http://www.britannia.com/history/arthur/excalibur.html

Did The Lady of the Lake Exist?

http://www.britannia.com/history/biographies/nimue.html 

Week 5

Essential Question:  How have the movies captured the historical events that have shaped Europe?

 High Middle Ages 1024-1306 AD

                 The Normans, the Crusades, Henry II and Edward I

                  Invasion of the Normans http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/bayeux.htm

                 The Crusades   http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/the-crusades.htm

                 Henry II http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon26.html

                 Edward I  

                           http://www.biographybase.com/biography/Edward_I_of_England.html

                 Edward II

                           http://www.biographybase.com/biography/Edward_II_of_England.html

 Research the Various Shields of the Great Families of Europe

     Activity:  Students in their individual houses will create shields for great houses of Europe and hang them in the classroom.   History and Meaning of Heraldry  http://www.fleurdelis.com/coatofarms.htmand http://www.digiserve.com/heraldry/

 And  http://www.farris-consulting.com/

Other Activties:

Medieval Siege

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=337&gps=255_463_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/lostempires/trebuchet/

 Weaponry of Medieval Times

http://educators.medievaltimes.com/

How to make a Long Bow

http://learn-how-to-make-a-longbow.com/manual-with-cheatsheet-bonuses-v2-h1intro

 Other Activities: 

Make a Shield Out of Cardboard and Aluminum Foil

 Make A Knight’s Gauntlets

http://www.howtodothings.com/hobbies/how-to-make-gauntlet-gloves

 SURPRISE FOCUS OF THE DAY:  THE SWORD OF A KING

Did the Sword Excalibur Exist? 

http://www.britannia.com/history/arthur/excalibur.html

Did The Lady of the Lake Exist?

http://www.britannia.com/history/biographies/nimue.html

Week 6

Essential Question:  Why did some events in Europe have catastrophic results?

          Late Middle Ages 1308-1487 AD

                 The Hundred Years War

http://ehistory.osu.edu/osu/archive/hundredyearswar.cfm?CFID=9164232&CFTOKEN=58941478&jsessionid=46302a4199b793b01d803c52155a72244366

 

The Black Death (Great Plague)

http://www.boisestate.edu/courses/westciv/plague/

Activity:  Students will research the plague and determine its causes, why it spread, and how it was contained.

http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/plague.html

Other Activities:

Medieval Simulation

          Battle of the Barons Simulation

     http://www.juniorgeneral.org/barons/barons.html

Weaponry of Medieval Times

http://educators.medievaltimes.com/

 How to Make a Paper Knight’s Helmet

http://www.ehow.co.uk/how_4854213_paper-medievil-knight-helmet.html

 SURPRISE FOCUS OF THE DAY:  Did the Knights of the Round Table Exist?

http://www.britannia.com/history/arthur/knights.html

http://www.britannia.com/history/arthur/rtable.html

Week 7

Essential Question:  How do civil wars change the shape of a nation?

Late Middle Ages

                War of the Roses:  The Red Rose and the White Rose

                http://www.warsoftheroses.com/

                http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/warsoftheroses.htm

                The Monarchy of England

               http://www.britannia.com/history/h6f.html

               Richard III

               http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon39.html

 Activity:  Students will review and discuss annotations from varied Medieval Literature, such as Beowulf, Robin Hood, and King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table

               http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/literature.html

               http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/plays.html

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/literature-of-the-medieval-period.html

              Beowulf  http://web.utk.edu/~bkinkead/annotation.html         

              Students will reprise the roles of the characters in these books by creating plays for

              view on the last day of the unit.

Other Activities:

Feudal M&Ms

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=399&gps=268_364_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.teachercreated.com/lessons/010629ct.shtml

 SURPRISE FOCUS OF THE DAY:  Did  the Holy Grail Exist?

http://www.britannia.com/history/arthur/grail.html

Week 8

Essential Question:  How did exploration change the history of Europe?

         Early Modern Medieval Times 1492-1553 AD

                The Great Explorers:  Columbus, Marco Polo

http://historymedren.about.com/library/who/blwwexplodex.htm

http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/middle-ages-people.htm

http://www.dasd-ew.org/history.htm#Vikings

http://www.medieval-life-and-times.info/famous-medieval-people/

    Activities: 

Medieval Medicine

http://library.thinkquest.org/15569/hist-6.html

Medicine in the Middle Ages

http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/medicine-in-the-middle-ages.htm

Commonly Used Medicinal Plants

http://www.mostly-medieval.com/explore/plants.htm

 Medieval Folk Remedies

http://www.mostly-medieval.com/explore/remedy.htm

Columbus Jeopardy Game

http://www.hardin.k12.ky.us/res_techn/download/Columbus.ppt

Reader’s Theater Play on Columbus

http://teacherlink.ed.usu.edu/tlresources/units/Byrnes-celebrations/readers.html

Marco Polo Visits Tin-Gui

http://www.eduplace.com/ss/hmss/7/unit/act4.1blm.html

The Marco Polo Odyssey

http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/data/2001/07/01/sights_n_sounds/media.2.2.html

Marco Polo’s Journey

http://www.eduplace.com/kids/socsci/books/applications/imaps/maps/g2_u5/index.html

Marco Polo Takes A Trip

http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/marco-polo-takes-trip

On the Road with Marco Polo

http://edsitement.neh.gov/curriculum-unit/road-marco-polo

 Out of the Dungeon Game

http://www.spsk12.net/departments/STAR/socialscience/us5/ExplorersOutoftheDungeon.ppt#306,5, 

SURPRISE FOCUS OF THE DAY:  What is the History and Meaning of the Court Jester?

http://www.teacheroz.com/Middle_Ages.htm#jester

Week 9

Essential Question:  How have the Royals and wealthy influenced history?

Early Modern Medieval Times 1492-1553 AD

                Henry VIII

                http://tudorhistory.org/henry8/

                Lady Jane Grey

               http://www.ladyjanegrey.org/

Activity:  Possible Field Trip

http://www.medievaltimes.com/

 Activity: Between Ancient and Modern

http://www.mrdowling.com/703middleages.html

 Other Activities:

Study the Arthurian Legends:

 http://www.ops.org/lang-art/arthur.html

Create puzzles to go along with your study of the Middle Ages: http://puzzlemaker.school.discovery.com/

Make a Chain Mail Bracelet

http://www.historyforkids.org/crafts/projects/chainmail.htm

Make a Fire Breathing Bookmark. Use colored pencils to draw the head of a dragon rising from the bottom edge of a strip of construction paper. Put a dot of felt-tip marker ink in the dragon’s open mouth. Set the strip in a jar filled with about a half inch of water. Watch the dragon’s fiery breath appears.

Medieval Games

http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/games/index.htm

Interactive Medieval Games

http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/games.html

 SURPRISE FOCUS OF THE DAY:  Did Robin Hood exist?

http://www.boldoutlaw.com/

Week 10

Essential Question:  What kinds of food dishes did people of the Middle Ages enjoy?

Medieval Times:  A Culminating Activity

http://education.iupui.edu/webquests/medievalI/index.htm

Medieval Food

http://www.teacheroz.com/Middle_Ages.htm#jester

http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/food/index.htm

The Medieval Feast

http://www.medieval-spell.com/Medieval-Feast.html

http://www.mce.k12tn.net/middleages/medievalfeast.htm

http://www.medieval-life-and-times.info/medieval-food/medieval-feast.htm

 Middle Ages Food Recipes

http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/middle-ages-food-recipes.htm

 Medieval Cookery

http://www.godecookery.com/godeboke/godeboke.htm

Activity:  The Medieval Feast

SURPRISE FOCUS OF THE DAY:  How is Medieval History Depicted in the Movies?

 http://www.fordham.edu/HALSALL/medfilms.html

Critique some films that are set in Medieval times. A short listing can be found at this link, in addition to a short form for critiquing: http://users.netonecom.net/~clchoponis/outlines/filmcritique.html

 Medieval Tournament

http://www.historyforkids.org/crafts/medieval/tournament.htm

 

 

MEDIEVAL TIMES UNIT

GPS Standards

 

MEDIEVAL TIMES FROM 7th GRADE (Others follow from K-5)

 

SSWH7 The student will analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics.

 

a. Explain the manorial system and feudalism; include the status of peasants and feudal monarchies and the importance of Charlemagne.

 

c. Explain the role of the church in medieval society.

 

d. Describe how increasing trade led to the growth of towns and cities.

 

ELABLRL1 The student demonstrates comprehension by identifying evidence (i.e.,examples of diction, imagery, point of view, figurative language, symbolism, plot events, main ideas, and characteristics) in a variety of texts representative of different genres (i.e., poetry, prose [short story, novel, essay, editorial, biography], and drama) and using this evidence as the basis for interpretation.

The student identifies, analyzes, and applies knowledge of the structures and elements of British and Commonwealth fiction and provides evidence from the text to support understanding; the student:

 

a. Locates and analyzes such elements as language and style, character development, point of view, irony, and structures (i.e., chronological, in medias res, flashback, epistolary narrative, frame narrative) in works of British and Commonwealth fiction from different time periods.

 

b. Identifies and analyzes patterns of imagery or symbolism.

 

c. Relates identified elements in fiction to theme or underlying meaning.

 

d. Analyzes, evaluates, and applies knowledge of the ways authors use techniques and elements in fiction for rhetorical and aesthetic purposes.

 

e. Analyzes the influence of mythic, traditional, or classical literature on British and Commonwealth literature.

 

f. Traces the development of British fiction through various literary periods (i.e., Anglo-Saxon, Medieval, Renaissance, Romantic, etc.)

 

g. Traces the history of the development of the novel.

 

____________________________________________________________________

 

 

READING STANDARDS K-5

ELA4R1.  The student demonstrates comprehension and shows evidence of a

warranted and responsible explanation of a variety of literary and informational 

texts.

ELA4R3 The student understands and acquires new vocabulary and uses it correctly in reading and writing.

 

ELA4W2 The student demonstrates competence in a variety of genres.

ELA4W3 The student uses research and technology to support writing. The

student

a. Acknowledges information from sources.

b. Locates information in reference texts by using organizational features (i.e.,

prefaces, appendices, indices, glossaries, and tables of contents).

c. Uses various reference materials (i.e., dictionary, thesaurus, encyclopedia, electronic

information, almanac, atlas, magazines, newspapers, and key words).

d. Demonstrates basic keyboarding skills and familiarity with computer terminology

(e.g., software, memory, disk drive, hard drive).

ELA4W4 The student consistently uses a writing process to develop, revise,

and evaluate writing. The student

a. Plans and drafts independently and resourcefully.

b. Revises selected drafts to improve coherence and progression by adding, deleting,

consolidating, and rearranging text.

c. Edits to correct errors in spelling, punctuation, etc.

 

ELA4LSV1 The student participates in student-to-teacher, student-to-student,

and group verbal interactions.

 

ELA4LSV1 The student participates in student-to-teacher, student-to-student,

and group verbal interactions.

____________________________________________________________________________________

MATHEMATICS STANDARDS K-5

Measuring Castles: 

M3M2. Students will measure length choosing appropriate units and tools

M3M3. Students will understand and measure the perimeter of geometric figures

 

M4N7. Students will explain and use properties of the four arithmetic operations to solve and check problems

M4M1. Students will understand the concept of weight and how to measure weight

M4M2. Students will understand the concept of angles and how to measure them.

 

 

Tesselations and stained glass:

M3M4. Students will understand and measure the area of simple geometric figures (squares and rectangles).

M3G1. Students will further develop their understanding of geometric figures by drawing them. They will also state and explain their properties

 

 

 

M4M2. Students will understand the concept of angles and how to measure them.

M4G1. Students will define and identify the characteristics of geometric figures through examination and construction

M4G2. Students will understand fundamental solid figures.

 

M5M1. Students will extend their understanding of area of geometric plane figures

M5G1. Students will understand congruence of geometric figures and the correspondence of their vertices, sides, and angles

 

 

 

Projects requiring construction:

 

M3P3. Students will communicate mathematically

M3P4. Students will make connections among mathematical ideas and to other disciplines.

M3P5. Students will represent mathematics in multiple ways

 

 

M4P3. Students will communicate mathematically.

M4P4. Students will make connections among mathematical ideas and to other disciplines

M4P5. Students will represent mathematics in multiple ways

 

 

M5P3. Students will communicate mathematically.

M5P4. Students will make connections among mathematical ideas and to other disciplines.

M5P5. Students will represent mathematics in multiple ways.

 

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

SOCIAL STUDIES STANDARDS K-5

 

Historical Understandings

SS3H1 The student will explain the political roots of our modern democracy in the United States of America.

a. Identify the influence of Greek architecture (columns on the Parthenon, U. S. Supreme Court building), law, and the Olympic Games on the present.

b. Explain the ancient Athenians’ idea that a community should choose its own leaders.

c. Compare and contrast Athens as a direct democracy with the United States as a representative democracy.

 

SS3G2 The student will describe the cultural and geographic systems associated with the historical figures in SS3H2a.

a. Identify on a political map specific locations significant to the life and times of these historical figures.

b. Describe how place (physical and human characteristics) had an impact on the lives of these historical figures.

c. Describe how each of these historical figures adapted to and was influenced by his/her environment.

d. Trace examples of travel and movement of these historical figures and their ideas across time.

e. Describe how the regions in which these historical figures lived affected their lives and had an impact on their cultural identification.

 

SS3CG2 The student will discuss the character of different historical figures in SS3H2a.

a. Describe how the different historical figures in SS3H2a display positive character traits of cooperation, diligence, courage, and leadership.

b. Explain how the historical figures in SS3H2a used positive character traits to support their beliefs in liberty, justice, tolerance, and freedom of conscience and expression.

c. Explain how the historical figures in SS3H2a chose when to respect and accept authority.

 

 

 SS3G1 The student will locate major topographical features.

 d. Locate Greece on a world map.

 

SS3G2 The student will describe the cultural and geographic systems associated with the historical figures in SS3H2a.

a. Identify on a political map specific locations significant to the life and times of these historical figures.

b. Describe how place (physical and human characteristics) had an impact on the lives of these historical figures.

c. Describe how each of these historical figures adapted to and was influenced by his/her environment.

d. Trace examples of travel and movement of these historical figures and their ideas across time.

e. Describe how the regions in which these historical figures lived affected their lives and had an impact on their cultural identification.

 

SS3CG2 The student will discuss the character of different historical figures in SS3H2a.

a. Describe how the different historical figures in SS3H2a display positive character traits of cooperation, diligence, courage, and leadership.

b. Explain how the historical figures in SS3H2a used positive character traits to support their beliefs in liberty, justice, tolerance, and freedom of conscience and expression.

c. Explain how the historical figures in SS3H2a chose when to respect and accept authority.

 

 

MAP AND GLOBE SKILLS GOAL: The student will use maps to retrieve social studies information. I: indicates when a skill is introduced in the standards and elements as part of the content D: indicates grade levels where the teacher must develop that skill using the appropriate content M: indicates grade level by which student should achieve mastery, the ability to use the skill in all situations A: indicates grade levels where students will continue to apply and improve mastered skills

 

3. use a letter/number grid system to determine location: 3M

4. compare and contrast the categories of natural, cultural, and political features found on maps:  3M

5. use inch to inch map scale to determine distance on map: 3M

6. use map key/legend to acquire information from, historical, physical, political, resource, product and economic maps 4M

7. use a map to explain impact of geography on historical and current events

10. use graphic scales to determine distances on a map:5M

11. compare maps of the same place at different points in time and from different perspectives to determine changes, identify trends, and generalize about human activities:5M

12. compare maps with data sets (charts, tables, graphs) and /or readings to draw conclusions and make generalizations:5M

____________________________________________________________________________________

SCIENCE STANDARDS K-5

Habits of the Mind

 

SCS1. Students will be aware of the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science and will exhibit these traits in their own efforts to understand how the world works.

 

 

a. Keep records of investigations and observations and do not alter the records later.

 

b. Carefully distinguish observations from ideas and speculation about those observations.

 

c. Offer reasons for findings and consider reasons suggested by others.

 

d. Take responsibility for understanding the importance of being safety conscious.

 

S3CS3. Students will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating objects in scientific activities utilizing safe laboratory procedures.

 

a. Choose appropriate common materials for making simple mechanical constructions and repairing things

 

S3CS6. Students will question scientific claims and arguments effectively.

 

a.       Support statements with facts found in books, articles, and databases, and identify the sources used.

 

S3CS4. Students will use ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.

 

a. Observe and describe how parts influence one another in things with many parts.

 

b. Use geometric figures, number sequences, graphs, diagrams, sketches, number lines, maps, and stories to represent corresponding features of objects, events, and processes in the real world.

 

c. Identify ways in which the representations do not match their original counterparts.

 

 

S4CS3. Students will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating objects in scientific activities utilizing safe laboratory procedures.

 

a. Choose appropriate common materials for making simple mechanical constructions and repairing things.

 

b. Measure and mix dry and liquid materials in prescribed amounts, exercising reasonable safety.

 

c. Use computers, cameras and recording devices for capturing information.

 

d. Identify and practice accepted safety procedures in manipulating science materials and equipment.

 

Physical Science

S4P3. Students will demonstrate the relationship between the application of a force and the resulting change in position and motion on an object.

 

a. Identify simple machines and explain their uses (lever, pulley, wedge, inclined plane, screw, wheel and axle).

 

 

 

 

Resources

Medieval Timeline.  http://eawc.evansville.edu/chronology/mepage.htm

Knights and Castles Worksheets

http://bogglesworldesl.com/knights.htm

 

Teacher’s Guide for the Middle Ages

http://www.historyforkids.org/teachers/guides/medievalguide.htm

Kids Castle

http://www.kidsonthenet.org.uk/castle/

Life in the Middle Ages

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=287&gps=278_380_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.kyrene.k12.az.us/schools/brisas/sunda/ma/mahome.htm

Living in the Middle Ages

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=307&gps=299_414_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.learner.org/exhibits/middleages/

Medieval Siege

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=337&gps=255_463_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/lostempires/trebuchet/

Build a Medieval Castle

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=365&gps=291_558_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.yourchildlearns.com/castle.htm

CardboardBoxCastle

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=381&gps=262_612_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.enchantedlearning.com/crafts/Boxcastle.shtml

Feudal M&Ms

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=399&gps=268_364_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.teachercreated.com/lessons/010629ct.shtml

Build a Medieval Castle (Free)

http://www.yourchildlearns.com/castle.htm

The Knight’s Coat of Arms

http://homeschooling.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=homeschooling&cdn=education&tm=505&gps=514_527_1360_740&f=10&tt=13&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//teacher.scholastic.com/lessonrepro/reproducibles/profbooks/coatarms.pdf

PREPARED LESSON PLANS:

http://www.coreknowledge.org/CKproto2/resrcs/lessons/498EuropeMidAges.htm
http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/guides/1986/3/86.03.03.x.html
http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/guides/1992/3/92.03.04.x.html
http://faculty.acu.edu/~armstrongl/geography/cast.htm
http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/activity/castle_builder/
http://www.iup.edu/~njyost/Castles/KINDERCASTLES.HTML
http://itdc.sbcss.k12.ca.us/curriculum/sworntoserve.html
http://www.libsci.sc.edu/miller/Midage.htm
http://www.weber.k12.ut.us/wciv/chp10_12.htm
http://www.mcps.k12.md.us/curriculum/socialstd/MWH/1106.html
http://www.normanconquest.co.uk/
http://www.public.iastate.edu/~history/lessons/hannibal/crusades.txt

Webquest: http://www.richmond.edu/~ed344/webquests/crusades/Tkateed.html
http://socialstudies.com/c/@Eh9iwp6g9.wSg/Pages/article.html?article@WCB131B+af@donn
http://www.mrdowling.com/download.html
http://users.netonecom.net/~clchoponis/outlines/outlines.html
http://www.teleport.com/~mkmcconn/medieval_.html

Literature Unit:
http://www.sdcoe.k12.ca.us/score/ccb/ccbtg.html

On-line activities:
http://catalog.socialstudies.com/c/@JVUkrzg9ucjpg/Pages/list.html?nocache@26+curList@0
At this location is a “feudal game.” It is a simulation and roll playing game created by a teacher. Check under the “social” heading for this one. http://www3.sk.sympatico.ca/stelern/index.htm

Here’s a massive site full of teaching resources for the Middle Ages http://members.aol.com/TeacherNet/Medieval.html

Was King Arthur Real?
http://www.eusa.ed.ac.uk/societies/geas/CYCLO/A/Arthurian_Literature.html
http://www.ramsdale.org/legend.htm

Robin Hood
http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/rh/rhhome.stm

Medieval Manuscripts
http://www.utah.edu/umfa/contents.html

The Black Plague
http://students.itec.sfsu.edu/edt628/ascendedone/plagueII.html

Introduction to the Medieval World
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/lect/med15.html

Medieval Life and Times
http://users.netonecom.net/~clchoponis/medieval/medieval.htm

A Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Instruments
http://www.s-hamilton.k12.ia.us/antiqua/instrumt.html

Castles
http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/n/x/nxd10/castle/castles.htm
(free software): http://www.yourchildlearns.com/castle.htm
(free software): http://www.yourchildlearns.com/heraldry.htm

A wonderful site from about.com on Medieval history. Includes the multi-part series “The Medieval Child”
http://historymedren.about.com/homework/historymedren/index.htm

The Magna Carta http://eawc.evansville.edu/anthology/magnacarta.htm

Life in the Year 1000 http://www.cbc4kids.ca/general/time/millennium/y1k.html

Medieval Domestic Life – has excellent selection of additional links on medieval life http://www.millersv.edu/~english/homepage/duncan/medfem/domestic.html

Feudal Life http://www.learner.org/exhibits/middleages/feudal.html

FICTION/NON-FICTION:

Alexander, Lloyd. The High King. New York: Dell Publishing Co., Inc., 1980.
Barron, T.A. The Lost Years Of Merlin. New York: Tom Doherty Associates, Inc., 1996.
Barron, T.A. The Merlin Effect. New York: Tom Doherty Associates, Inc, 1996.
Chadwick, Elizabeth. First Knight. New York: Pocket Books, 1995.
Cushman, Karen. Catherine Called Birdy. New York: Harper Trophy, 1994.
Cushman, Karen. The Midwife's Apprentice. New York: Clarion Books, 1995.
de Angeli, Marguerite. The Door in the Wall. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell Books for Young Readers, 1990.
Doyle, Debra, and James D. MacDonald. Knights Wyrd. San Diego: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1992.
Dumas, Alexandre. The Three Musketeers. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1941.
Gilbert, Lela. The Quest for the Silver Castle. Eugene: Harvest House Publishers, 1993.
Levine, Gail C. Ella Enchanted. New York: Harper Collins, 1997.
Matthews, Rodney. King Arthur. Tulsa: EDC Publisher, 1995. McCaffrey, Anne. Dragon Drums. New York: Atheneum Publishers, Inc., 1986.
Napoli, Donna Jo. Jimmy, The Pickpocket of the Palace. New York: Penguin Putnam, Inc. 1995.
Paterson, Katherine. Parzival. New York: Lodestar Books, 1998.
Pogue, Charles Edward. DragonHeart. New York: Boulevard Books, 1996.
Scott, Sir Walter. Ivanhoe. New York: Scholastic Book Services, 1968.
Stephenson, Robert Louis. The Black Arrow. New York: Books, Inc., Sutcliff, Rosemary. The Sword and the Circle. New York: The Baker and Taylor Co., 1981.
Turner, Ann. The Way Home. New York: Crown, Inc., 1982.
Twain, Mark. A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthurs Court. White, T.H. Camelot - The Once and Future King. New York: Berkley Publishing Corporation, 1968.
Yolen, Jane. Hobby. San Diego: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1996.
Yolen, Jane. Merlin. San Diego: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1996.
Yolen, Jane. Passager. San Diego: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1996.

 

 

MEDIEVAL TIMES GIFTED UNIT

ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS

 

1.  Why is it necessary to study the Medieval Times/Middle Ages? (Introduction to Middle Ages)

2.  How did the invasions of the Saxons, Angles and the Vikings affect people living in Europe in the Middle Ages?  (Early Middle Ages 410-1024 AD)

3.  What was life like for the wealthy and the poor in the Middle Ages? (Early Middle Ages 410-1024 AD)

4.  How did the nobles in the Middle Ages influence our governments today? (High Middle Ages 1024-1306 AD)

5.  How have the movies captured the historical events that have shaped Europe? (High Middle Ages 1024-1036 AD)

6.  Why did some events in Europe have catastrophic results?  (Late Middle Ages 1308-1487 AD)

7.  How do civil wars change the shape of a nation? (Late Middle Ages 1308-1487 AD)

8.  How did exploration change the history of Europe? (Early Modern Medieval Times 1492-1553 AD)

9.  How have the Royals and wealthy influenced history? (Early Modern Medieval Times 1492-1553 AD)

 

10.  What kinds of food dishes did people of the Middle Ages enjoy? (Medieval Times Culmination)

 


 

MAPS OF KING ARTHUR’S BRITAIN (ENGLAND)

Medieval Knight on Horseback 

King Arthur’s Trail

http://www.shropshiretourism.co.uk/king-arthur/map/

 

Maps of Britannia During King Arthur’s Reign

http://www.britannia.com/history/ebkmap.html

 

Arthurian Historical Maps

http://www.britannia.com/history/arthur/arthres.html

 


 

The Knighting Ceremony

knight painting
Edmund Blair Leighton/The Bridgeman Art Library/Getty Images
"The Accolade" by Edmund Blair Leighton. Women, with the exception of a queen, rarely conferred knighthood.

Squires were usually invested as knights during one of the great feasts or holidays, like Christmas or Easter. Sometimes the ceremony took place on another special occasion, such as the wedding of a noble or royal. The king, nobles, knights and clergy or the squire's father (if he were a knight) could confer knighthood.

The knighting ceremony usually involved a ritual bath on the eve of the ceremony (the would-be knight usually dressed in white). Then an all-night prayer vigil would begin, sometimes with the squire's arms on the altar. The kneeling squire would swear an oath, which included some of the following points:

Then the master of the ceremony would dub the new knight on the shoulders with a sword. The knight would then dress in armor, receive his sword, mount his horse and participate in some martial games to demonstrate his skills as part of the celebration.

In times of war, a squire who had demonstrated exceptional bravery in battle could be knighted on the battlefield by another knight.

Charge Given to the Knights by King Arthur

Arthur and the Sword


God make you a good man and fail not of beauty. The Round Table was founded in patience, humility, and meekness.Thou art never to do outrageousity, nor murder, and always to flee treason, by no means to be cruel, and always to do ladies, damosels, and gentle women succour. Also, to take no battles in a wrongful quarrel for no law nor for no world's goods.

Thou shouldst be for all ladies and fight for their quarrels, and ever be courteous and never refuse mercy to him that asketh mercy, for a knight that is courteous and kind and gentle has favor in every place. Thou shouldst never hold a lady or gentle woman against her will.

Thou must keep thy word to all and not be feeble of good believeth and faith. Right must be defended against might and distress must be protected. Thou must know good from evil and the vain glory of the world, because great pride and bobauce maketh great sorrow. Should anyone require ye of any quest so that it is not to thy shame, thou shouldst fulfil the desire.

Ever it is a worshipful knights deed to help another worshipful knight when he seeth him a great danger, for ever a worshipful man should loath to see a worshipful man shamed, for it is only he that is of no worship and who faireth with cowardice that shall never show gentelness or no manner of goodness where he seeth a man in any danger, but always a good man will do another man as he would have done to himself.

It should never be said that a small brother has injured or slain another brother. Thou shouldst not fail in these things: charity, abstinence and truth. No knight shall win worship but if he be of worship himself and of good living and that loveth God and dreadeth God then else he geteth no worship here be ever so hardly.

An envious knight shall never win worship for and envious man wants to win worship he shall be dishonoured twice therefore without any, and for this cause all men of worship hate an envious man and will show him no favour.

Do not, nor slay not, anything that will in any way dishonour the fair name of Christian knighthood for only by stainless and honourable lives and not by prowess and courage shall the final goal be reached. Therefore be a good knight and so I pray to God so ye may be, and if ye be of prowess and of worthiness then ye shall be a Knight of the Table Round.

The Emblem of the Knights

Arthur's Emblem


The emblem of the Knights of the Round Table worn round the necks of all the Knights was given to them by King Arthur as part of the ceremony of their being made a knight.

The Order's dominant idea was the love of God, men, and noble deeds. The cross in the emblem was to remind them that they were to live pure and stainless lives, to stive after perfection and thus attain the Holy Grail.

The Red Dragon of King Arthur represented their allegiance to the King. The Round Table was illustrative of the Eternity of God, the equality, unity, and comradeship of the Order, and singleness of purpose of all the Knights.


 

THE KNIGHTLY QUIZZES

The Accolade 

Which Knight Are You?

http://quizilla.teennick.com/quizzes/1159316/which-knight-of-the-round-table-are-you

 

Can You Name the Knights of the Round Table?

http://www.sporcle.com/games/roundtableknights.php

 

King Arthur and the Knight of the Round Table

http://www.braingle.com/trivia/11474/king-arthur-and-the-knights-of-the-round-table.html

 

Knights of the Round Table Testing

http://www.allthetests.com/quiz18/quizpu.php?testid=1141593129&katname=Which%20literature%20character%20are%20you?

MEDIEVAL TIMES UNIT

VIRTUAL TOURS AND GAMES

Medieval Times Wallpaper

Virtual Tour of the Vikings Era

http://golf67.net/education/components/scrapbook/default.php?sectiondetailid=653&

 Castles in Medieval Times

http://www.uen.org/utahlink/tours/tourFames.cgi?tour_id=13824

 Palace of Versailles

http://maps.google.ca/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&geocode=&q=Palace+of+Versailles&sll=48.837379,2.113152&sspn=0.094005,0.270538&ie=UTF8&hq=Palace+of+Versailles&hnear=Palace+of+Versailles,+Versailles,+France&t=p&layer=c&cbll=48.80489,2.120045&panoid=1AeyW7Dy2XbTE9EW3BT_WQ&cbp=12,131.35,,0,1.21&ll=48.802429,2.122419&spn=0,359.96335&z=15

 Castles and Palaces 3-D Tours

http://www.google.com/gadgets/directory?synd=earth&preview=on&cat=3d&url=http://maps.google.com/maps/gx%3Foe%3Dutf-8%26output%3Dghapi%26q%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fearth.google.com%252Fgallery%252Fkmz%252Fcastles-and-palaces-3d-tour.kmz

 Cathedrals 3-D Tours

http://www.google.com/gadgets/directory?synd=earth&preview=on&cat=3d&url=http://maps.google.com/maps/gx%3Foe%3Dutf-8%26output%3Dghapi%26q%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fearth.google.com%252Fgallery%252Fkmz%252Fcathedrals-3d-tour.kmz

 

Virtual Tour of the Explorers

http://golf67.net/education/components/scrapbook/default.php?sectiondetailid=441&

MEDIEVAL GAME ONLINE

The Middle Ages

http://www.strongholdkingdoms.com/?source=gao&placement=googleadwords&cid=5

MEDIEVAL GAME ONLINE

The Middle Ages

http://www.strongholdkingdoms.com/?source=gao&placement=googleadwords&cid=5

MEDIEVAL TIMES PROJECT

Medieval Times Wallpaper2

 

Create a Virtual Castle

http://golf67.net/education/components/scrapbook/default.php?sectiondetailid=443&

 Technology Resources for the Project

http://golf67.net/education/components/scrapbook/default.php?sectiondetailid=267&