CHEMISTRY

Gifted Unit Contents

C. Frank

 

Day

Theme

Contents

Activities

Vocab

1

Scientists, Theorists

Einstein, Mendeleev, Moseley, Galileo,

*Salt to Salt

*Moving Molecules

*Growing Crystals

*Crystal Picture

Matter

2

Volume

The States of Matter: Solids, Liquids and Gases

*Solid to Liquid to Solid

*Sweet Racers

*Shape Shifter

*Less and Less and Less

Solids

Liquids

Gases

Substance

Mixture

Solution

Element

3

Mass

The States of Mass

*Dancing Dollars

*Ice Cream

*Making a Hydrometer

Inertia

Weight

Density

Increase

Decrease

4

Laws of Conservation

1. Mass

2. Energy

3. Theory of Mass-Energy (Einstein)

*Acid Indigestion

*Marbles in Water

*Bread’s Got the Blues

 

5

Atoms and Molecules

Parts of Atoms,

Table of Elements,

Subatomic Particles, and Physics

*Nutty Putty

*Smelly Science

*Homemade Chocolate Chip Cookies

Nucleus

Protons

Neutrons

Electrons

Atomic #

Quarks

Leptons

Day

Theme

Contents

Activities

Vocab

6

Atoms and Molecules

Molecules, Table of Elements

*Eggs

*Copper Topping

*Window Sun Catcher

 

Compound

Organic

Organisms

7

Atoms and Molecules

Changing

Matter

*Pop in a Balloon

*Static

*Smelly Balloons

*The Amazing Balloon Pump

*Rub-A-Bulb

Physical

Chemical

Nuclear

Fission

Fusion

8

Acids

Changing Matter

*Get a (Half) Life

*Slushies

*The Scratch and Sniff Challenge

Corrode

pH Scale

Bases

Alkalis

Litmus

Intensity

9

Changing Energy

Energy, Motion, and Work

*Yeast and Bread

*Hot Buttered Popcorn

*Refraction Action

 

Potential

Kinetic

Heat

Radiation

Conduction

Convection

Joules

Calories

Exercise

10

Energy

Energy, Motion, and Work

*Homemade Cake

*Fly a Kite

*Spinners

*Sinking Sailors

*Fast and Slow Landing

1st Law

2nd Law

3rd Law

 Motion

Acceleration

Reaction

Inertia

Force

Force

Distance

Newton Law

 

Suggested Reading

 

Dowell, F.O. (2006).  Phineas L. MacGuire…Erupts! New York,

 NY:  Aladdin Publishing Co.

 

*References

 

Brandolini, A. (2003).  Fizz, Bubble & Flash!  Charlotte, VT:

 Williamson Publishing Co.  ISBN 1-885593-83-X

Parratore, P. (2001).  Hands-On Chemistry.  Greensboro, NC:

 Carson-Dellosa Publishing Co., Inc. ISBN  0-88724-652-4

Sarquis, J.L., Sarquis, M. & Williams, J.P. (1995).  Teaching

 Chemistry with Toys:  Activities for Grades K-9. 

Middletown, OH:  Terrific Science Press/McGraw-Hill. 

ISBN 0-07-064722-4

Ward, P. & B. (1995).  The Atom: Building Block of Nature.  Mark

 Twain Media, Inc.  ISBN 1-58037-054-3

Weber, L. (1999). 365 Science Projects & Activities.

 Lincolnwood, IL:  Publications International, Ltd. 

 ISBN 0-7853-4070-X

 

 

CHEMISTRY UNIT

GPS Standards

 

S8P1 Students will examine the scientific view of the nature of matter.

a. Distinguish between atoms and molecules.
b. Describe the difference between pure substances (elements and compounds) and mixtures.
c. Describe the movement of particles in solids, liquids, gases, and plasma states.
d. Distinguish between physical and chemical properties of matter as physical (i.e., density, melting point, boiling point) or chemical (i.e., reactivity, combustibility).
e.Distinguish between changes in matter as physical (i.e., physical change) or chemical (development of a gas, formation of precipitate, and change in color).
f. Recognize that there are more than 100 elements and some have similar properties as shown on the Periodic Table of Elements.
g. Identify and demonstrate the Law of Conservation of Matter.

 

SC1 Students will analyze the nature of matter and its classifications.

a. Relate the role of nuclear fusion in producing essentially all elements heavier than hydrogen.
b. Identify substances based on chemical and physical properties.

 

SC2 Students will relate how the Law of Conservation of Matter is used to determine chemical composition in compounds and chemical reactions.

a. Identify and balance the following types of chemical equations:

SPS2 Students will explore the nature of matter, its classifications, and the system for naming types of matter.

 

d. Demonstrate the Law of Conservation of Matter in a chemical reaction.

 

AG-BAS-18: The student cites principles of chemistry/
a.Explains the concept, properties, and types of matter.
b.Distinguishes between elements, atoms, and molecules.
c.Describes how new compounds are formed.
d.Explains the importance of carbon.
e.Explains the four basic types of reactions.
g.Explains acids, bases, and salts.
h.Describes common chemical processes.

 

S2P1 Students will investigate the properties of matter and changes that occur in objects.

a. Identify the three common states of matter as solid, liquid, or gas.
b. Investigate changes in objects by tearing, dissolving, melting, squeezing, etc.

 

ACCT-FA-2 Students will develop an understanding of the structure and properties of matter; will understand laws of motion, force and universal gravitation as they apply to flight; and will understand conservation of energy and interactions of energy and matter.

a.Conduct scientific investigations that show forces acting on an airplane.
b.Design and conduct experiments that demonstrate rocket propulsion.
c.Apply Newton's Laws of Motion to flight.
d.Understand how different aircraft engines convert fuel into kinetic energy.

 

SP3 Students will evaluate the forms and transformations of energy.

a. Analyze, evaluate, and apply the principle of conservation of energy and measure the components of work-energy theorem by

SB4 Students will assess the dependence of all organisms on one another and the flow of energy and matter within their ecosystems.

a. Investigate the relationships among organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, and biomes.
b. Explain the flow of matter and energy through ecosystems by

SES6 Students will explain how life on Earth responds to and shapes Earth systems.

c. Explain how geological and ecological processes interact through time to cycle matter and energy, and how human activity alters the rates of these processes (e.g., fossil fuel formation and combustion).

 

S8P2 Students will be familiar with the forms and transformations of energy.

a. Explain energy transformation in terms of the Law of Conservation of Energy.
b. Explain the relationship between potential and kinetic energy.
c. Compare and contrast the different forms of energy (heat, light, electricity, mechanical motion, sound) and their characteristics.
d. Describe how heat can be transferred through matter by the collisions of atoms (conduction) or through space (radiation). In a liquid or gas, currents will facilitate the transfer of heat (convection).