Gifted Unit Contents
Dowell, F.O. (2006). Phineas L. MacGuire…Erupts! New York,
NY: Aladdin Publishing Co.
Brandolini, A. (2003). Fizz, Bubble & Flash! Charlotte, VT:
Williamson Publishing Co. ISBN 1-885593-83-X
Parratore, P. (2001). Hands-On Chemistry. Greensboro, NC:
Carson-Dellosa Publishing Co., Inc. ISBN 0-88724-652-4
Sarquis, J.L., Sarquis, M. & Williams, J.P. (1995). Teaching
Chemistry with Toys: Activities for Grades K-9.
Middletown, OH: Terrific Science Press/McGraw-Hill.
Ward, P. & B. (1995). The Atom: Building Block of Nature. Mark
Twain Media, Inc. ISBN 1-58037-054-3
Weber, L. (1999). 365 Science Projects & Activities.
Lincolnwood, IL: Publications International, Ltd.
S8P1 Students will examine the scientific view of the
nature of matter.
a. Distinguish between atoms and molecules.
b. Describe the difference between pure substances (elements and compounds) and mixtures.
c. Describe the movement of particles in solids, liquids, gases, and plasma states.
d. Distinguish between physical and chemical properties of matter as physical (i.e., density, melting point, boiling point) or chemical (i.e., reactivity, combustibility).
e.Distinguish between changes in matter as physical (i.e., physical change) or chemical (development of a gas, formation of precipitate, and change in color).
f. Recognize that there are more than 100 elements and some have similar properties as shown on the Periodic Table of Elements.
g. Identify and demonstrate the Law of Conservation of Matter.
SC1 Students will analyze the nature of matter and its
a. Relate the role of nuclear fusion in producing essentially all elements heavier than hydrogen.
b. Identify substances based on chemical and physical properties.
SC2 Students will relate how the Law of Conservation of
Matter is used to determine chemical composition in compounds and chemical
a. Identify and balance the following types of chemical equations:
SPS2 Students will explore the nature of matter, its classifications, and the system for naming types of matter.
d. Demonstrate the Law of Conservation of Matter in a chemical reaction.
AG-BAS-18: The student cites principles of chemistry/
a.Explains the concept, properties, and types of matter.
b.Distinguishes between elements, atoms, and molecules.
c.Describes how new compounds are formed.
d.Explains the importance of carbon.
e.Explains the four basic types of reactions.
g.Explains acids, bases, and salts.
h.Describes common chemical processes.
S2P1 Students will investigate the properties of matter
and changes that occur in objects.
a. Identify the three common states of matter as solid, liquid, or gas.
b. Investigate changes in objects by tearing, dissolving, melting, squeezing, etc.
ACCT-FA-2 Students will develop an understanding of the
structure and properties of matter; will understand laws of motion, force and
universal gravitation as they apply to flight; and will understand conservation
of energy and interactions of energy and matter.
a.Conduct scientific investigations that show forces acting on an airplane.
b.Design and conduct experiments that demonstrate rocket propulsion.
c.Apply Newton's Laws of Motion to flight.
d.Understand how different aircraft engines convert fuel into kinetic energy.
SP3 Students will evaluate the forms and transformations
a. Analyze, evaluate, and apply the principle of conservation of energy and measure the components of work-energy theorem by
SB4 Students will assess the dependence of all organisms
on one another and the flow of energy and matter within their ecosystems.
a. Investigate the relationships among organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, and biomes.
b. Explain the flow of matter and energy through ecosystems by
SES6 Students will explain how life on Earth responds to and shapes Earth systems.
c. Explain how geological and ecological processes interact through time to cycle matter and energy, and how human activity alters the rates of these processes (e.g., fossil fuel formation and combustion).
S8P2 Students will be familiar with the forms and transformations
a. Explain energy transformation in terms of the Law of Conservation of Energy.
b. Explain the relationship between potential and kinetic energy.
c. Compare and contrast the different forms of energy (heat, light, electricity, mechanical motion, sound) and their characteristics.
d. Describe how heat can be transferred through matter by the collisions of atoms (conduction) or through space (radiation). In a liquid or gas, currents will facilitate the transfer of heat (convection).